How will the astronaut selection proceed?
The astronaut selection will comprise four rounds of intense testing and real-life simulations; after each round, some candidates will remain, the group of candidates reducing in number until those selected for the first flights are identified. The application and selection process will comprise four rounds, as outlined on the Mars One website.
All candidates must submit their application on http://apply.mars-one.com. The online application consists of general information about the applicant, a motivational letter, a resume and a one minute video in which the applicant answers some given questions and explains why he or she should be among the first humans who set foot on Mars. At the end of round one, a team of Mars One experts will decide which applicants will pass to round two.
Candidates for Round 2 will need to get a medical statement of good health from their physician. The applicant will be invited to meet with a Mars One selection committee in his or her region. After conducting an interview with the candidates, the selection committee determines who will pass to round three.
This round may be a national selection round, providing there are sufficient candidates from one country; otherwise, they will be part of an international round. The selection process, which could be broadcasted on TV and internet in countries around the world. Applicants will participate in challenges that demonstrate their suitability to become one of the first humans on Mars. Audiences will participate in the selection process, together with expert judges, towards passing on to Round four.
This will be an international event that will be broadcasted throughout the world. The Mars One selection committee will create international groups from the individual candidates. The groups will be expected to demonstrate their ability to live in harsh living conditions, and work together under difficult circumstances. The groups will receive their first short term training in a copy of the Mars outpost. From the first selection series, of which Round 1 starts in 2013, six groups of four will become full time employees of the Mars One astronaut corps, after which they will train for their mission. Whole teams and individuals might be selected as the training proceeds.