NASA Astronauts

Bonnie Dunbar

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Bonnie Jeanne Dunbar is a multi-disciplinary scientist and a former NASA astronaut. She is a veteran of five Space Shuttle flights, having flown on Challenger STS-61-A (D1, 1985), Columbia STS-32 (1990) and STS-50 (1992), Atlantis STS-71 (1995, first Shuttle mission to dock with Russian Space Station MIR), and Endeavour STS-89 (1998). Dunbar was a Mission Specialist on the first German Spacelab mission, D1, for which she was trained by a team led by Dr Kass to perform a series of vestibular experiments on the Space Sled using the Vestibular Helmet.

 

Laurel Clark

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Captain Laurel Clark was a medical doctor, United States Navy Captain, and NASA astronaut. Qualified as a mission specialist she flew aboard Columbia (STS-107) on its fatal flight when it disintegrated during orbital re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility, which flew with this mission. Laurel Clark was amongst the crew assigned as primary operators for the Biopack facility.

 

Byron Lichtenberg

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Byron Lichtenberg is an American engineer and scientist, fighter pilot, NASA astronaut, and entrepreneur. He flew aboard two NASA Space Shuttle missions as a Payload Specialist. In 1983, he and Ulf Merbold became the first Payload Specialists to fly on the Shuttle, with the first flight of the European Space Agency’s laboratory module, Spacelab-1 (STS-9). For this mission, he was trained to perform a long series of neuro-physiological experiments by a team of scientists lead by Dr Kass. He later flew on ATLAS-1 (STS-45) Spacelab mission (1992).

 

Michael Anderson

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Michael Phillip Anderson was a NASA astronaut and a United States Air Force officer, who flew two Shuttle missions as a mission specialist. The first was on Space Shuttle Endeavour (STS-89, 1998), which was a Shuttle-Mir docking mission. The second was the fatal Columbia Shuttle mission (STS-107, 2003), which ended in disaster when the craft disintegrated after re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility, which flew with this mission.

 

David Brown

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Captain David Brown was a United States Navy captain, a doctor of medicine, and NASA astronaut. Dr Brown flew as a mission specialist on one fatal Space Shuttle mission, when the Columbia (STS-107) disintegrated during orbital re-entry into the Earth's atmosphere. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility, which flew with this mission. Captain Brown was amongst the crew assigned as primary operators for the Biopack facility.

 

Owen Garriot

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Owen Garriott is a retired physicist, professor, and NASA astronaut. His first space flight was aboard Skylab 3 in 1973, which set a new world record for duration of approximately 60 days. Owen Garroitt’s second flight was aboard Spacelab-1 (STS-9) on a space shuttle mission in 1983. For this mission, he was trained to perform a series of neuro-physiological experiments by a team of scientists lead by Dr Kass.

 

Ed Gibson

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Edward Gibson is a pilot, engineer, physicist and former astronaut for NASA. When he was selected to join the NASA astronaut corps he was in the first group of scientist-astronauts. Gibson made his first and only flight into space as science pilot aboard Skylab 4 (1973), on a mission lasting 84 days. Gibson retired from NASA in 1982 to work for TRW, which he left in 1990, to begin his own consulting firm, Gibson International Corp. One of his first assignments was to work for OHB-System, Bremen, where he assisted Dr Kass on a few assignments for the European Space Agency.

Rick Husband

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Colonel Richard Husband was a United States Air Force Colonel, a test pilot, and NASA astronaut. He flew as pilot on STS-96 (1999), and then as commander of the space shuttle STS-107 (Columbia). He was killed, together with his six crew members as the Shuttle disintegrated on re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility that flew with this mission.

 

Ellen Baker

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Ellen Baker is an American physician and a NASA astronaut, who serves as Chief of the Education/Medical Branch of the NASA Astronaut Office. Ms Baker is a veteran of three Space Shuttle missions, with Atlantis STS-34 (1989), Columbia STS-50 (1992), and Atlantis STS-71 (1995). Dr Kass represented the European Space Agency in a working group organized by the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) on Multicultural and International Issues in Space-Flight Research and Health Care, in which Ellen Baker participated.

 

Robert Parker

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Robert Parker is a physicist, professor of astronomy, pilot and NASA astronaut. His first space flight was aboard the Space Shuttle STS-9 (1983), which carried the European Spacelab. For this mission, he was trained to perform a series of neuro-physiological experiments by a team of scientists lead by Dr Kass. He later flew on STS-35 (1990), also carrying the European Spacelab, and which featured the ASTRO-1 ultraviolet astronomy laboratory.

 

Guion Bluford

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Guion Bluford is a fighter pilot, an aerospace engineer, and a retired NASA astronaut. Dr Bluford is a veteran of four space flights, having flown on the space Shuttles Challenger and Discovery, each twice, between 1983 and 1992. His 1985 flight was with the first German Spacelab mission D-1 (STS-61-A). As a mission specialist, amongst the experiments he operated on this mission, he was trained by a team led by Dr Kass to perform a series of vestibular experiments on the Space Sled using the Vestibular Helmet.

 

Shannon Lucid

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Shannon Lucid is an American biochemist and a retired NASA astronaut. She is a veteran of five space flights between 1985 and 1996 on the Space Shuttle and spending 179 days aboard the MIR space station. Dr Kass represented the European Space Agency in a working group organized by the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) on Multicultural and International Issues in Space-Flight Research and Health Care, in which Shannon Lucid also participated.

 

Jack Lousma

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Dr Jack Lousma is an engineer, former fighter pilot and NASA astronaut. His first space mission was as pilot of Skylab 3 (1973), while his second was as commander on the third Space Shuttle mission STS-3. Earlier, he was also the CAPCOM recipient of the famous "Houston, we've had a problem" message from Apollo 13 (1970). He participated in the work of the Hermes Spaceplane Cockpit Working Group – HSCWG, which was co-managed by Dr Kass, under ESA (Toulouse office) leadership.

 

William McCool

Credit: NASA Public Domain

William "Willie" McCool was a United States Navy Commander, test pilot, NASA astronaut, and the pilot of Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-107. This Shuttle mission, his first and only mission into space, being one of the seven crew killed as Columbia disintegrated during re-entry to the Earth. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility that flew with this mission.

Kalpana Chawla

Credit: NASA Public Domain

Ms Kalpana Chawla , born in India, was the first Indian-American astronaut and the first Indian woman in space. Chawla first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 already as a mission specialist, and the second and last time on the same Shuttle on its fatal flight (STS-107) in 2003, when she was one of the seven crew members killed in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. Dr Kass was a member of the ESA team who trained the STS-107 crew to operate the Biopack facility, a compact biological experiment facility, which flew with this mission. Kalpana Chawla was amongst the crew assigned as primary operators for the Biopack facility.